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  • Afif Sani

What is ISO 10993 all about?

ISO 10993 is a standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that provides guidelines for the biological evaluation of medical devices. The standard is intended to provide a framework for evaluating the biocompatibility of medical devices to minimize the risk of adverse reactions in patients and users.


The standard is divided into several sections that cover different aspects of the biological evaluation of medical devices. The sections include:


  1. General: This section provides an overview of the scope of the standard, the purpose of the standard, and the relationship between ISO 10993 and other related standards.

  2. Principles of Evaluation: This section covers the general principles of evaluation that are used in the standard. It includes information on the evaluation of materials and devices, the selection of appropriate tests, and the use of test data to evaluate the biocompatibility of medical devices.

  3. Biological Evaluation Planning: This section covers the process of planning a biological evaluation of a medical device. It includes information on the selection of appropriate tests, the development of a testing plan, and the use of risk management techniques.

  4. Identification and Quantification of Degradants and Leachables: This section covers the identification and quantification of materials that may be released from a medical device. It includes information on the methods used to identify and quantify degradants and leachables, and the use of these data in the evaluation of the biocompatibility of medical devices.

  5. Tests for Genotoxicity, Carcinogenicity and Reproductive Toxicity: This section covers the tests used to evaluate the potential genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, and reproductive toxicity of medical devices. It includes information on the test methods, the use of test data, and the interpretation of test results.

  6. Tests for Local Tolerance: This section covers the tests used to evaluate the local tolerance of medical devices. It includes information on the test methods, the use of test data, and the interpretation of test results.

  7. Tests for Systemic Toxicity: This section covers the tests used to evaluate the systemic toxicity of medical devices. It includes information on the test methods, the use of test data, and the interpretation of test results.

  8. Evaluation and Interpretation of Test Results: This section covers the evaluation and interpretation of test results. It includes information on the use of test data to evaluate the biocompatibility of medical devices, the use of risk management techniques, and the reporting of test results.

  9. Special Considerations: This section covers special considerations that may be relevant to the biological evaluation of medical devices. It includes information on the evaluation of medical devices for children, the evaluation of medical devices for use in the home, and the evaluation of medical devices for use in the environment.


ISO 10993 is an essential standard for manufacturers of medical devices, as it provides guidelines for evaluating the biocompatibility of their products. Adhering to the guidelines in ISO 10993 helps manufacturers to demonstrate their compliance with regulatory requirements and demonstrate to their customers and patients that their products are safe and effective. It also promotes worldwide standardization of the biological evaluation process, which facilitates the trade of medical devices between countries.


It is important to note that ISO 10993 is not a mandatory requirement but rather it is a guidance document, while regulatory authorities might refer to it as a general guide to evaluate the biological safety of the device, they may require additional testing, depending on the complexity, usage and risk related to the device.


The standard is intended to be flexible, allowing manufacturers to select the appropriate tests based on the specific characteristics of their devices and the intended use. manufacturers should consult with the regulatory authorities of their intended market in order to evaluate the biological safety of the device, they may require additional testing, depending on the complexity, usage and risk related to the device.


Contact us if you require biocompatibility testing for medical devices.


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